studies

Mauritania
Guidimakha region / 2016
by Action Against Hunger (ECHO/USAID)

The Guidimakha region is located in southern Mauritania, at the crossroads of the boarders of Mali, Mauritania and Senegal and had a population of 267,029 inhabitants in 2013. The Guidimakha has been chosen for a Link NCA because, despite the interventions of the Mauritanian authorities and their partners, the issue of undernutrition is largely established. According to the SMART Nutrition Survey carried out in 2015 during the lean season, the prevalence of acute malnutrition was 22.4% (IC: 18.7 - 26.5), the highest in the country and MAS of 2.90% (CI: 1.9 - 4.2). With 21.9%, the prevalence of chronic malnutrition was moderate, corresponding to a serious situation to be monitored.

The study was conducted in November 2015 to April 2016, by doctor and researcher in geaography Delon Madavan. It was carried out by Action Against Hunger in Mauritania, and received technical support from the Link NCA technical officer Blanche Mattern, from Paris headquarters and Hélène Pasquier from Action Against Hunger in Madrid. This study was funded by the European Commission (ECHO) and USAID.

Findings

At the end of the last workshop, the experts validated and prioritized the risk factors by distinguishing them as major, important or minor causes

Risk factors classified as major

Physical and monetary access difficult for the most vulnerable populations during difficult times (SAME)

Access to drinking water is critical and is at the root of high vulnerability to water-borne diseases (WASH)

Hygiene practices in the home are inappropriate (WASH)

Lack of Hygiene in the Community Environment (WASH)

Pregnant and lactating women are often malnourished

The population, and in particular women, is overwhelmingly poorly educated

Risk factors classified as important

Poor knowledge of malnutrition

Food diversification is inadequate

The isolation of certain localities of the Guidimakha makes it more difficult to access basic services

Spacing of births is not practiced

Low production of agriculture

Risk factors classified as minor

The use of care often involves the consultation of a traditional practitioner as a first resort

Insufficient psycho-emotional / emotional stimulation with child



Link NCA report Mauritania Guidimakha 2016